first temple of Ashur is built (c. 4750 BCE)
cities of Ashur, Nineveh, and Arbel flourishing (c. 2500 BCE)
Assyria and Elam attack Babylonia ending Kassite rule (c. 1155 BCE)

Sargon II reorganizes the Assyrian empire into 70 provinces (c. 722 BCE)
Samaria, the capital of Israel, captured by Sargon II of Assyria (721 BCE)
Sargon II of Assyria deports 28,000 Israelites who become the "Ten Lost Tribes of Israel" (721 BCE)
Humban-Nikash of Elam defeats Sargon II of Assyria at the Battle of Der (721 BCE)
Sargon II of Assyria defeats a Urartian army under Rusa I (714 BCE)
Phrygia becomes a tributary to Assyria (709 BCE)
Sargon II moves the Assyrian capital to Dur Sharrukin (c. 705 BCE)
Assyria attacks Jerusalem (701 BCE)
Assyrians invade and conquer most of Phoenicia (701 BCE)


Hammurabi founds Babylonia (c. 1763 BCE )
Assyrians sack Babylon (c. 1240 BCE)
Gilgamesh Epic ( c. 1200 BCE )
Assyrians destroy Babylon (689 BCE)
Babylonians rebel against their Assyrian rulers (652 - 648 BCE)

Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylonia captures Jerusalem (587 BCE)
Judah becomes a province of Babylonia (587 BCE)
exile of the Jews to Babylon (586 BCE)
Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylonia conquers Phoenicia (586 BCE)
Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylonia burns Jerusalem (581 BCE)
Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Hanging Gardens

Cyrus the Great of Persia conquers Babylonia absorbing Babylon into the Persian empire (539 BCE)
Cyrus the Great of Persia frees the captive Jews from Babylonia (539 BCE)

Classical Period of Greece (5th and 4th centuries BCE) - (Plato 427/8 - 348/7 BCE Athens, Greece)
Alexander III of Macedon (356323 BCE)
Macedonian and Ptolemaic Egypt 33230 BC

Black Book > timelines